Conflicting health information

a critical research need

Delesha M. Carpenter, Lorie L. Geryk, Annie T. Chen, Rebekah H Nagler, Nathan F. Dieckmann, Paul K.J. Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conflicting health information is increasing in amount and visibility, as evidenced most recently by the controversy surrounding the risks and benefits of childhood vaccinations. The mechanisms through which conflicting information affects individuals are poorly understood; thus, we are unprepared to help people process conflicting information when making important health decisions. In this viewpoint article, we describe this problem, summarize insights from the existing literature on the prevalence and effects of conflicting health information, and identify important knowledge gaps. We propose a working definition of conflicting health information and describe a conceptual typology to guide future research in this area. The typology classifies conflicting information according to four fundamental dimensions: the substantive issue under conflict, the number of conflicting sources (multiplicity), the degree of evidence heterogeneity and the degree of temporal inconsistency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1173-1182
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Expectations
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

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Keywords

  • conflicting information
  • decision-making
  • health

Cite this

Carpenter, D. M., Geryk, L. L., Chen, A. T., Nagler, R. H., Dieckmann, N. F., & Han, P. K. J. (2016). Conflicting health information: a critical research need. Health Expectations, 19(6), 1173-1182. https://doi.org/10.1111/hex.12438

Conflicting health information : a critical research need. / Carpenter, Delesha M.; Geryk, Lorie L.; Chen, Annie T.; Nagler, Rebekah H; Dieckmann, Nathan F.; Han, Paul K.J.

In: Health Expectations, Vol. 19, No. 6, 01.12.2016, p. 1173-1182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carpenter, DM, Geryk, LL, Chen, AT, Nagler, RH, Dieckmann, NF & Han, PKJ 2016, 'Conflicting health information: a critical research need', Health Expectations, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1173-1182. https://doi.org/10.1111/hex.12438
Carpenter DM, Geryk LL, Chen AT, Nagler RH, Dieckmann NF, Han PKJ. Conflicting health information: a critical research need. Health Expectations. 2016 Dec 1;19(6):1173-1182. https://doi.org/10.1111/hex.12438
Carpenter, Delesha M. ; Geryk, Lorie L. ; Chen, Annie T. ; Nagler, Rebekah H ; Dieckmann, Nathan F. ; Han, Paul K.J. / Conflicting health information : a critical research need. In: Health Expectations. 2016 ; Vol. 19, No. 6. pp. 1173-1182.
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