This paper provides a link between time-domain and frequency-domain stability results in the literature. Specifically, we focus on the comparison between stability results for a feedback interconnection of two nonlinear systems stated in terms of frequency-domain conditions. While the integral quadratic constrain (IQC) theorem can cope with them via a homotopy argument for the Lurye problem, graph separation results require the transformation of the frequency-domain conditions into truncated time-domain conditions. To date, much of the literature focuses on ‘hard’ factorisations of the multiplier, considering only one of the two frequency-domain conditions. Here it is shown that a symmetric, ‘doubly-hard’ factorisation is required to convert both frequency-domain conditions into truncated time-domain conditions. By using the appropriate factorisation, a novel comparison between the results obtained by IQC and separation theories is then provided. As a result, we identify under what conditions the IQC theorem may provide some advantage.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The first author acknowledges William Heath for fruitful discussions and comments.
- IQC theorem
- graph separation
- multipliers factorisations