Concurrent sequence analysis of 5' and 3' RNA termini by intramolecular circularization reveals 5' nontemplated bases and 3' terminal heterogeneity for lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus mRNAs

Barbara J. Meyer, Peter Southern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We have used a technique of RNA circularization coupled with polymerase chain reaction amplification for simultaneous analysis of the 5' and 3' termini of subgenomic mRNAs derived from the S RNA of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus during an acute infection of BHK cells. These mRNAs possess 1 to 7 nontemplated nucleotides of apparently random sequence at their 5' ends. The predominant mRNA species have 4 or 5 nontemplated nucleotides. The 5' termini of the mRNAs also have properties consistent with the presence of a 5' cap structure. The 3' termini of the mRNAs lack poly(A) tails, and we have shown that transcription termination occurs at heterogeneous positions within the intergenic region of the S RNA. The identification of several distinct termini in the vicinity of a putative stem-loop structure in the RNA templates suggests that transcription termination may be mediated by a structural signal rather than a precise sequence signal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2621-2627
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of virology
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

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