CONCURRENT ACCESS TO TWO CONCENTRATIONS OF ORALLY DELIVERED PHENCYCLIDINE: EFFECTS OF FEEDING CONDITIONS

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Abstract

Two experiments addressed the effects of food satiation and deprivation on oral self‐administration of two concurrently available phencyclidine concentrations. In the first experiment, 8 rhesus monkeys self‐administered either of two concentrations of phencyclidine (“PCP, angel dust”) and water under concurrent fixed‐ratio 16 schedules. One concentration was always held constant (0.25 mg/mL) while a series of other phencyclidine concentrations, ranging from 0 (water) to 1.0 mg/mL, was presented in a nonsystematic order. Initially the monkeys were tested while food satiated, and the procedure was then repeated during food deprivation. The monkeys usually selected the higher concentration within the first few minutes of the session, indicating that taste and/or other immediate postingestional effects were important factors. Contrary to a number of previous reports, there were no consistent differences across subjects in the mean number of liquid deliveries or mean drug intake (mg/kg) during food satiation and deprivation. However, for all monkeys the within‐session time course of responding during food satiation consistently differed from that during deprivation. A second experiment assessed whether the failure to find consistent differences in drug intake during food satiation and deprivation had been due to the history of concurrent access to different phencyclidine concentrations or to the extended experience with phencyclidine under food‐satiation conditions. Six additional monkeys (Group 2) were exposed to the phencyclidine self‐administration procedure (during food satiation and deprivation) for the same length of time as the monkeys in Experiment 1 (Group 1), except they received only concurrent access to phencyclidine (0.25 mg/mL) and water. Both groups then received concurrent access to phencyclidine and water during five repeated cycles of food deprivation and satiation. There were also marked individual differences in Group 2: During food satiation, 2 of the monkeys' responding increased, 1 showed no change, and 3 decreased. Examination of a number of historical variables indicated that the greater the percentage of total sessions spent during food satiation with phencyclidine available (before these experiments began), the greater the amounts of phencyclidine consumed during food satiation and the smaller the differences in phencyclidine intake when the two feeding conditions were compared. 1987 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-362
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the experimental analysis of behavior
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1987

Keywords

  • concurrent fixed‐ratio schedules
  • drug history
  • drug‐reinforced behavior
  • food deprivation
  • food satiation
  • lip‐contact response
  • oral drug self‐administration
  • phencyclidine
  • rhesus monkeys
  • taste

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