This chapter reviews the major outcomes in Bhutan’s education system. For example, the development of the primary sector, where Millennium Development Goals have largely been met, is ahead of the secondary and tertiary sectors where considerable progress has been made in a remarkably short period of time but more needs to be done. This chapter also sets out the major challenges and points to potential ways forward. For example, several challenges are identified for the successful implementation of Educating for Gross National Happiness but we also present ways that these might be addressed. Research, and educational research in particular, is wide open for future research and some suggestions are made.