Conceptualising inclusive development by identifying universality, plurality, sociality, and relationality

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This article aims to conceptualise contemporary understandings of ‘inclusive development’. The article draws upon two conceptual models: plural/universal rights (Mégret, 2008, 10.1353/hrq.0.0000) and social–relational inclusion (Gupta & Vegelin, 2016, to demonstrate how ‘inclusion’ is understood concerning economic, social, and human development. The article then draws upon these disparate, yet interconnected understandings of inclusive development and maps four contemporary inclusive development approaches (participation of stakeholders, representational politics, social protection, and economic redistribution). The purpose of this mapping is to provide context for how the singular word ‘inclusion’ can be used to pursue multiple desired outcomes, some of which may conflict with one another.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1165-1175
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of International Development
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2022

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© 2022 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


  • development
  • inclusive development
  • participatory development
  • pluralism
  • politics of development
  • universal human rights


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