Concept and Design Optimization of a Novel Ammonia-Based System for Food-Energy-Water Sustainability

Matthew J. Palys, Andrew Allman, Anatoliy Kuznetsov, Prodromos Daoutidis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel ammonia-based system for food-energy-water sustainability (ABFEWS). This integrated system uses renewable energy and agricultural waste to produce ammonia both as fertilizer and as fuel for tractors and grain drying, to meet local electrical power demands and to provide predictable, consistent power export to the grid. It also extracts and purifies soil water to simultaneously reduce process water imports and drainage to surrounding water ecosystems. The conceptual design of this system exploits synergies between local ammonia production, agriculture, energy supply, and water management to allow for economic viability, specifically time-varying chemical production, ammonia and hydrogen as energy storage media, and the recycle of agricultural waste and soil water. A model for combined optimization of the ABFEWS design and its inherently time-varying operating schedule is proposed with a view on further improving economic competitiveness. A case study which considers the use of two 1.65 MW wind turbines and 196,000 kg of corncob biomass to meet ammonia fertilizer and fuel demands for a 400-acre corn and soy farm and power demand at an adjacent university campus demonstrates the promise of the ABFEWS system and the associated design-scheduling optimization framework. The annualized net present cost of the optimal ABFEWS system is approximately $56,500, which corresponds to an emissions reduction cost of $12.90/tonCO2. The implementation of the ABFEWS system annually prevents 477 m3 of water import, 558,000 m3 of cooling water discharge and 1,590 m3 of tile drainage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages65-70
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Publication series

NameComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
Volume47
ISSN (Print)1570-7946

Fingerprint

Ammonia
Sustainable development
Water
Agricultural wastes
Fertilizers
Drainage
Design optimization
Soils
Economics
Water management
Cooling water
Tile
Conceptual design
Cost reduction
Wind turbines
Ecosystems
Agriculture
Energy storage
Farms
Hydrogen

Keywords

  • Design
  • Food-Energy-Water Nexus
  • Optimization
  • Process Intensification
  • Sustainability

Cite this

Palys, M. J., Allman, A., Kuznetsov, A., & Daoutidis, P. (2019). Concept and Design Optimization of a Novel Ammonia-Based System for Food-Energy-Water Sustainability. In Computer Aided Chemical Engineering (pp. 65-70). (Computer Aided Chemical Engineering; Vol. 47). Elsevier B.V.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818597-1.50011-4

Concept and Design Optimization of a Novel Ammonia-Based System for Food-Energy-Water Sustainability. / Palys, Matthew J.; Allman, Andrew; Kuznetsov, Anatoliy; Daoutidis, Prodromos.

Computer Aided Chemical Engineering. Elsevier B.V., 2019. p. 65-70 (Computer Aided Chemical Engineering; Vol. 47).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Palys, MJ, Allman, A, Kuznetsov, A & Daoutidis, P 2019, Concept and Design Optimization of a Novel Ammonia-Based System for Food-Energy-Water Sustainability. in Computer Aided Chemical Engineering. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, vol. 47, Elsevier B.V., pp. 65-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818597-1.50011-4
Palys MJ, Allman A, Kuznetsov A, Daoutidis P. Concept and Design Optimization of a Novel Ammonia-Based System for Food-Energy-Water Sustainability. In Computer Aided Chemical Engineering. Elsevier B.V. 2019. p. 65-70. (Computer Aided Chemical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818597-1.50011-4
Palys, Matthew J. ; Allman, Andrew ; Kuznetsov, Anatoliy ; Daoutidis, Prodromos. / Concept and Design Optimization of a Novel Ammonia-Based System for Food-Energy-Water Sustainability. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering. Elsevier B.V., 2019. pp. 65-70 (Computer Aided Chemical Engineering).
@inbook{3984935778f748819778095355e3fc80,
title = "Concept and Design Optimization of a Novel Ammonia-Based System for Food-Energy-Water Sustainability",
abstract = "This paper proposes a novel ammonia-based system for food-energy-water sustainability (ABFEWS). This integrated system uses renewable energy and agricultural waste to produce ammonia both as fertilizer and as fuel for tractors and grain drying, to meet local electrical power demands and to provide predictable, consistent power export to the grid. It also extracts and purifies soil water to simultaneously reduce process water imports and drainage to surrounding water ecosystems. The conceptual design of this system exploits synergies between local ammonia production, agriculture, energy supply, and water management to allow for economic viability, specifically time-varying chemical production, ammonia and hydrogen as energy storage media, and the recycle of agricultural waste and soil water. A model for combined optimization of the ABFEWS design and its inherently time-varying operating schedule is proposed with a view on further improving economic competitiveness. A case study which considers the use of two 1.65 MW wind turbines and 196,000 kg of corncob biomass to meet ammonia fertilizer and fuel demands for a 400-acre corn and soy farm and power demand at an adjacent university campus demonstrates the promise of the ABFEWS system and the associated design-scheduling optimization framework. The annualized net present cost of the optimal ABFEWS system is approximately $56,500, which corresponds to an emissions reduction cost of $12.90/tonCO2. The implementation of the ABFEWS system annually prevents 477 m3 of water import, 558,000 m3 of cooling water discharge and 1,590 m3 of tile drainage.",
keywords = "Design, Food-Energy-Water Nexus, Optimization, Process Intensification, Sustainability",
author = "Palys, {Matthew J.} and Andrew Allman and Anatoliy Kuznetsov and Prodromos Daoutidis",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-12-818597-1.50011-4",
language = "English (US)",
series = "Computer Aided Chemical Engineering",
publisher = "Elsevier B.V.",
pages = "65--70",
booktitle = "Computer Aided Chemical Engineering",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Concept and Design Optimization of a Novel Ammonia-Based System for Food-Energy-Water Sustainability

AU - Palys, Matthew J.

AU - Allman, Andrew

AU - Kuznetsov, Anatoliy

AU - Daoutidis, Prodromos

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - This paper proposes a novel ammonia-based system for food-energy-water sustainability (ABFEWS). This integrated system uses renewable energy and agricultural waste to produce ammonia both as fertilizer and as fuel for tractors and grain drying, to meet local electrical power demands and to provide predictable, consistent power export to the grid. It also extracts and purifies soil water to simultaneously reduce process water imports and drainage to surrounding water ecosystems. The conceptual design of this system exploits synergies between local ammonia production, agriculture, energy supply, and water management to allow for economic viability, specifically time-varying chemical production, ammonia and hydrogen as energy storage media, and the recycle of agricultural waste and soil water. A model for combined optimization of the ABFEWS design and its inherently time-varying operating schedule is proposed with a view on further improving economic competitiveness. A case study which considers the use of two 1.65 MW wind turbines and 196,000 kg of corncob biomass to meet ammonia fertilizer and fuel demands for a 400-acre corn and soy farm and power demand at an adjacent university campus demonstrates the promise of the ABFEWS system and the associated design-scheduling optimization framework. The annualized net present cost of the optimal ABFEWS system is approximately $56,500, which corresponds to an emissions reduction cost of $12.90/tonCO2. The implementation of the ABFEWS system annually prevents 477 m3 of water import, 558,000 m3 of cooling water discharge and 1,590 m3 of tile drainage.

AB - This paper proposes a novel ammonia-based system for food-energy-water sustainability (ABFEWS). This integrated system uses renewable energy and agricultural waste to produce ammonia both as fertilizer and as fuel for tractors and grain drying, to meet local electrical power demands and to provide predictable, consistent power export to the grid. It also extracts and purifies soil water to simultaneously reduce process water imports and drainage to surrounding water ecosystems. The conceptual design of this system exploits synergies between local ammonia production, agriculture, energy supply, and water management to allow for economic viability, specifically time-varying chemical production, ammonia and hydrogen as energy storage media, and the recycle of agricultural waste and soil water. A model for combined optimization of the ABFEWS design and its inherently time-varying operating schedule is proposed with a view on further improving economic competitiveness. A case study which considers the use of two 1.65 MW wind turbines and 196,000 kg of corncob biomass to meet ammonia fertilizer and fuel demands for a 400-acre corn and soy farm and power demand at an adjacent university campus demonstrates the promise of the ABFEWS system and the associated design-scheduling optimization framework. The annualized net present cost of the optimal ABFEWS system is approximately $56,500, which corresponds to an emissions reduction cost of $12.90/tonCO2. The implementation of the ABFEWS system annually prevents 477 m3 of water import, 558,000 m3 of cooling water discharge and 1,590 m3 of tile drainage.

KW - Design

KW - Food-Energy-Water Nexus

KW - Optimization

KW - Process Intensification

KW - Sustainability

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069890835&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85069890835&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-12-818597-1.50011-4

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-12-818597-1.50011-4

M3 - Chapter

T3 - Computer Aided Chemical Engineering

SP - 65

EP - 70

BT - Computer Aided Chemical Engineering

PB - Elsevier B.V.

ER -