Concentration of enteroviruses from estuarine water

S. R. Farrah, S. M. Goyal, C. P. Gerba, C. Wallis, J. L. Melnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Plated cartridge filters readily adsorb viruses in estuarine water at low pH containing aluminum chloride. Adsorbed viruses are efficiently recovered by treating filters with glycine buffer at high pH. By using these procedures, it was possible to recover approximately 70% of the poliovirus added to 400 liters of estuarine water in 3 liters of filter eluate. Reconcentration of virus in the filter eluate in small volumes that are convenient for viral assays was more difficult. Reconcentration methods described previously for eluates from filters that process tap water or treated wastewater were inadequate when applied to eluates from filters used to process estuarine water containing large amounts of organic compounds. Two methods were found to permit efficient concentration of virus in filter eluates in small volumes. In both methods, virus in 3 liters of filter eluate was adsorbed to aluminum hydroxide flocs and then recovered in approximately 150 ml of buffered fetal calf serum. Additional reductions in volume were achieved by ultrafiltration or hydroextraction. By using these procedures 60 to 80% of the virus in 3 liters of filter eluate could be recovered in a final volume of 10 to 40 ml.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1192-1196
Number of pages5
JournalUnknown Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1977


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