Computer modeling of drug delivery to the posterior eye: Effect of active transport and loss to choroidal blood flow

Ram K. Balachandran, Victor H Barocas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose. The direct penetration route following transscleral drug administration presents several barrier and clearance mechanisms-including loss to choroidal blood flow, active transport by the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), and loss to the conjunctival lymphatics and episcleral blood vessels. The objective of this research was to quantify the role of choroidal and episcleral losses. Materials and Methods. A finite element model was created for drug distribution in the posterior human eye. The volumetric choroidal loss constant, active transport component and mass transfer from the scleral surface were unknown parameters in the model. The model was used to simulate drug distribution from a systemic source, and the results were compared to existing experimental results to obtain values for the parameters. Results. The volumetric choroidal loss constant, mass transfer coefficient from the scleral surface and active transport component were evaluated to be (2.0±0.6) ×10-5 s-1, (2.0±0.35)×10-5 cm/s and 8.54×10-6 cm/s respectively. Conclusion. Loss to the choroidal circulation was small compared to loss from the scleral surface. Active transport was predicted to induce periscleral movement of the drug, resulting in more rapid distribution and elevated drug concentrations in the choroid and sclera.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2685-2696
Number of pages12
JournalPharmaceutical research
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2008

Keywords

  • Blood-vitreous barrier
  • Fluorescein
  • Fluorescein glucuronide
  • Retinal pigment epithelium

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