Computer aided applications to injection molding: Transfinite/finite element thermal/stress response formulations

Kumar K Tamma, B. L. Dowler, S. B. Railkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The paper describes two different computational approaches for simulating the effects due to temperature variations and therein the associated thermally induced stresses and warpage with emphasis on computer aided engineering applications to ‘plastic’ components. One approach is the conventional finite element approach, and the other is termed as the transfinite element approach. The development of unified thermal/stress formulations for each of the aforementioned approaches is described for applications to injection molded plastic parts. Results of both computational formulations are in excellent agreement for predicting the thermal response and unified thermal/stress response and agree qualitatively with previous studies. For this study, it is found that the transfinite element formulations are computationally more efficient although the conventional formulations can still be effectively used. Both formulations are capable of serving as powerful computational tools to help part designers to predict the thermal/stress responses accurately and effectively. The unified concepts and approaches offer potential for extension to more complex geometries and for combined heat transfer and stress problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-428
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Engineering & Science
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1988


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