Computational modeling and comparative tissue damage analysis of angioplasty and orbital atherectomy interventional procedures

Rohit R. Deokar, Barney E. Klamecki

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research was directed toward quantitatively characterizing the effects of arterial mechanical treatment procedures on the stress and strain energy states of the artery wall. Finite element simulations of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and orbital atherectomy (OA) were performed on arterial lesion models with various extents and types of plaque. Stress fields in the artery were calculated and strain energy density was used as an explicit description of potential damage to the artery. The research also included numerical simulations of changes in arterial compliance due to orbital atherectomy. The angioplasty simulations show that the damage energy fields in the media and adventitia are predominant in regions of the lesion that are not protected by a layer of calcification. In addition, it was observed that softening the plaque components leads to a lower peak stress and therefore lesser damage energy in the media and adventitia under the action of a semicompliant balloon. Orbital atherectomy simulations revealed that the major portion of strain energy dissipated is concentrated in the plaque components in contact with the spinning tool. The damage and peak stress fields in the media and adventitia components of the vessel were significantly less. This observation suggests less mechanically induced trauma during a localized procedure like orbital atherectomy. Artery compliance was calculated pre- and post-treatment and an increase was observed after the orbital atherectomy procedure. The localized plaque disruption produced in atherectomy suggests that the undesirable stress states in angioplasty can be mitigated by a combination of procedures such as atherectomy followed by angioplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number021006
JournalJournal of Medical Devices, Transactions of the ASME
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by the National Science Foundation, under Award No. 1232655. Additional support was provided by Cardiovascular Systems Inc. St Paul, MN. The authors acknowledge the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute (MSI) at the University of Minnesota for providing resources that contributed to the research results reported in this paper.

Keywords

  • Atherectomy
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Calcification
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Compliance
  • Finite element analysis
  • Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
  • Strain energy density

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