Computational electrochemistry: Aqueous one-electron oxidation potentials for substituted anilines

Paul Winget, Eric J. Weber, Chris Cramer, Donald G Truhlar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

180 Scopus citations

Abstract

Semiempirical molecular orbital theory and density functional theory are used to compute one-electron oxidation potentials for aniline and a set of 21 mono- and di-substituted anilines in aqueous solution. Linear relationships between theoretical predictions and experiment are constructed and provide mean unsigned errors as low as 0.02 V over a training set of 13 anilines; the error rises to 0.09 V over a test set of eight additional anilines. A good correlation is also found between oxidation potential and a simple computed property, namely the energy of the highest occupied molecular orbital for neutral anilines in aqueous solution. For the particular case of the substituted anilines, a strong correlation between oxidation potential and pK(a) is found, and a still stronger correlation between oxidation potential and physical organic descriptors for aromatic substituents is also found, albeit over a reduced data set.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1231-1239
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2000

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