Computational and experimental investigation of near-field sonic boom of a HTV-2 type hypersonic boost gliding vehicle

Shufan Zou, Graham V. Candler, Suo Yang, Zakery Carr, Phillip Portoni, Thomas Zelasko, Timothy Wadhams

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Understanding and prediction of sonic boom are critical for the development of the next generation hypersonic vehicles. Low-boom design not only can minimize the thunderclap-like acoustic noise, but can enable higher propulsion efficiency as well. Before this project, hypersonic sonic boom measurements for slender bodies are not available in the literature. In this study, a Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 (HTV-2) type boost gliding vehicle (BGV) model, with high lift-to-drag ratio L/D= 2.4 − 3 (varying with the pitch angle), was designed and fabricated. An off-body pressure measurement device was fabricated for the desired sonic boom (i.e., over-pressure) signature measurement. The first set of hypersonic sonic boom shock tunnel tests was then conducted using the newly fabricated platform. The tests were run with different Mach numbers and pitch angles. Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations were well validated by the shock tunnel test data. Using both fully laminar and fully turbulent (using the Spalart-Allmaras (SA) Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) model) CFD simulations, potential laminar-to-turbulent transition locations were identified based on the agreement between the laminar or turbulent simulation and the surface sensor measurement of both heat transfer and pressure. CFD simulation indicated that the potential transition has very limited impact on the peak over-pressure, but has significant impact on the tail of the signature. CFD prediction falls within the uncertainty ranges of the off-body pressure measurement data, but the measurement uncertainty needs to be improved in future shock tunnel tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA SciTech Forum and Exposition, 2024
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624107115
StatePublished - 2024
EventAIAA SciTech Forum and Exposition, 2024 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Jan 8 2024Jan 12 2024

Publication series

NameAIAA SciTech Forum and Exposition, 2024


ConferenceAIAA SciTech Forum and Exposition, 2024
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by Mozhdeh Hooshyar, Ciprian Dumitrache.


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