Compositional effects of corn distillers dried grains with solubles with variable oil content on digestible, metabolizable, and net energy values in growing pigs

B. J. Kerr, N. K. Gabler, G. C. Shurson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Two experiments were conducted in growing-finishing pigs to determine the DE and ME (Exp. 1, 96.3 kg of BW) and NE (Exp. 2, 45.4 kg of BW) content of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (C-DDGS), and to refine or develop DE, ME, and NE prediction equations based on chemical composition of C-DDGS. Composition of the 6 C-DDGS sources varied (ash, 4.71 to 5.63%; CP, 29.65 to 32.21%; ether extract, 6.99 to 13.34%; NDF, 38.27 to 39.58%; total dietary fiber, 31.12 to 32.81%; DM basis), with the determined DE ranging from 3,836 to 4,038 kcal/kg of DM, ME from 3,716 to 3,893 kcal/kg of DM, and NE from 2,107 to 2,310 kcal/kg of DM. Regardless of the range in C-DDGS composition and the resulting DE, ME, or NE value, no chemical parameter measured (GE, CP, starch, total dietary fiber, NDF, ADF, hemicellulose, ether extract, or ash) was significant at P ≤ 0.15 to be retained in the regression model to predict DE, ME, or NE content in the C-DDGS sources evaluated. Apparent total-tract digestibilities of several nutritional components were also measured for comparative purposes but were not included in the prediction model. On average, the C-DDGS used in these studies contained 3,931, 3,793, and 2,207 kcal of DE, ME, and NE per kilogram of DM, respectively. These results suggest that C-DDGS composition and subsequent DE, ME, and NE can be highly variable and that a wider range in ingredient chemical composition and DE, ME, and NE values, as well as more C-DDGS sources, appear to be necessary to generate energy-prediction equations than used in the current experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-496
Number of pages12
JournalProfessional Animal Scientist
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
1This research was financially supported by the National Pork Board (Des Moines, IA). Mention of a trade name, proprietary product, or specific equipment does not constitute a guarantee or warranty by the USDA, Iowa State University, or the University of Minnesota and does not imply approval to the exclusion of other products that may be suitable. The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of K. Ruge, C. Stoffel, and M. Buyck (Iowa State University, Ames) and J. Cook (USDA-ARS, Ames, IA) with sample collection and laboratory analysis. The USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. 2Corresponding author: brian.kerr@ars.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists.


  • Corn distillers dried
  • Ether extract
  • Grains with solubles
  • Net energy
  • Pig
  • Prediction equation


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