A major quantitative trait locus (QTL), Qfhs.ndsu-3BS, for resistance to Fusarium head blight (FHB) in wheat has been identified and verified by several research groups. The objectives of this study were to construct a fine genetic map of this QTL region and to examine microcolinearity in the QTL region among wheat, rice, and barley. Two simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers (Xgwm533 and Xgwm493) flanking this QTL were used to screen for recombinants in a population of 3,156 plants derived from a single F7 plant heterozygous for the Qfhs.ndsu-3BS region. A total of 382 recombinants were identified, and they were genotyped with two more SSR markers and eight sequence-tagged site (STS) markers. A fine genetic map of the Qfhs.ndsu-3BS region was constructed and spanned 6.3 cM. Based on replicated evaluations of homozygous recombinant lines for Type II FHB resistance, Qfhs.ndsu-3BS, redesignated as Fhb1, was placed into a 1.2-cM marker interval flanked by STS3B-189 and STS3B-206. Primers of STS markers were designed from wheat expressed sequence tags homologous to each of six barley genes expected to be located near this QTL region. A comparison of the wheat fine genetic map and physical maps of rice and barley revealed inversions and insertions/deletions. This suggests a complex microcolinearity among wheat, rice, and barley in this QTL region.
- Fusarium head blight