TY - JOUR

T1 - Complex earthquakes and deformations of the unit disk

AU - Epstein, D. B.A.

AU - Marden, A.

AU - Markovic, V.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - We define deformations of certain geometric objects in hyperbolic 3-space. Such an object starts life as a hyperbolic plane with a measured geometric lamination. Initially the hyperbolic plane is embedded as a standard hyperbolic subspace. Given a complex number t, we obtain a corresponding object in hyperbolic 3-space by earthquaking along the lamination, parametrized by the real part of t, and then bending along the image lamination, parametrized by the complex part of t. In the literature, it is usually assumed that there is a quasifuchsian group that pre- serves the structure, but this paper is more general and makes no such assumption. Our deformation is holomorphic, as in the λ-lemma, which is a result that underlies the results in this paper. Our deformation is used to produce a new, more natural proof of Sullivan’s theorem: that, under standard topological hypotheses, the boundary of the convex hull in hyperbolic 3-space of the complement of an open subset U of the 2-sphere is quasi- conformally equivalent to U, and that, furthermore, the constant of quasiconformality is a universal constant. Our paper presents a precise statement of Sullivan’s Theorem. We also generalize much of McMullen’s Disk Theorem, describing certain aspects of the parameter space for certain parametrized spaces of 2-dimensional hyperbolic structures.

AB - We define deformations of certain geometric objects in hyperbolic 3-space. Such an object starts life as a hyperbolic plane with a measured geometric lamination. Initially the hyperbolic plane is embedded as a standard hyperbolic subspace. Given a complex number t, we obtain a corresponding object in hyperbolic 3-space by earthquaking along the lamination, parametrized by the real part of t, and then bending along the image lamination, parametrized by the complex part of t. In the literature, it is usually assumed that there is a quasifuchsian group that pre- serves the structure, but this paper is more general and makes no such assumption. Our deformation is holomorphic, as in the λ-lemma, which is a result that underlies the results in this paper. Our deformation is used to produce a new, more natural proof of Sullivan’s theorem: that, under standard topological hypotheses, the boundary of the convex hull in hyperbolic 3-space of the complement of an open subset U of the 2-sphere is quasi- conformally equivalent to U, and that, furthermore, the constant of quasiconformality is a universal constant. Our paper presents a precise statement of Sullivan’s Theorem. We also generalize much of McMullen’s Disk Theorem, describing certain aspects of the parameter space for certain parametrized spaces of 2-dimensional hyperbolic structures.

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U2 - 10.4310/jdg/1146680514

DO - 10.4310/jdg/1146680514

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33745440549

SN - 0022-040X

VL - 73

SP - 119

EP - 166

JO - Journal of Differential Geometry

JF - Journal of Differential Geometry

IS - 1

ER -