Complete Measurement of the Λ Electromagnetic Form Factors

(BESIII Collaboration)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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The exclusive process e+e-→ΛΛ̄, with Λ→pπ- and Λ̄→p̄π+, has been studied at s=2.396 GeV for measurement of the timelike Λ electric and magnetic form factors, GE and GM. A data sample, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 66.9 pb-1, was collected with the BESIII detector for this purpose. A multidimensional analysis with a complete decomposition of the spin structure of the reaction enables a determination of the modulus of the ratio R=|GE/GM| and, for the first time for any baryon, the relative phase Δφ=φE-φM. The resulting values are R=0.96±0.14(stat)±0.02(syst) and Δφ=37°±12°(stat)±6°(syst), respectively. These are obtained using the recently established and most precise value of the asymmetry parameter αΛ=0.750±0.010 measured by BESIII. In addition, the cross section is measured with unprecedented precision to be σ=118.7±5.3(stat)±5.1(syst) pb, which corresponds to an effective form factor of |G|=0.123±0.003(stat)±0.003(syst). The contribution from two-photon exchange is found to be negligible. Our result enables the first complete determination of baryon timelike electromagnetic form factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number122003
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - Sep 20 2019

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