Complete genome sequence and phylogenetic analysis of a newly discovered fusagra-like virus infecting Carica papaya in Ecuador

Juan F. Cornejo-Franco, Edison Reyes-Proaño, Robert A. Alvarez-Quinto, Francisco J. Flores, Diego F. Quito-Avila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A new fusagra-like virus infecting papaya (Carica papaya L.) was genetically characterized. The genome of the virus, provisionally named "papaya sticky fruit-associated virus" (PSFaV), is a single molecule of double-stranded RNA, 9,199 nucleotides (nt) in length, containing two discontinuous open reading frames. Pairwise sequence comparisons based on complete RNA-dependent-RNA-polymerase (RdRp) sequences revealed identity of 79.4% and 83.3% at the nt and amino acid (aa) level, respectively, to babaco meleira-like virus (BabMelV), an uncharacterized virus sequence discovered in babaco (Vasconcellea x heilbornii) in Ecuador. Additional plant-associated viruses with sequence identity in the 50% range included papaya meleira virus (PMeV) isolates from Brazil. Phylogenetic analysis based on the amino acid sequences of the capsid protein (CP), RdRp, and CP-RdRp fusion protein genes placed PSFaV in a group within a well-supported clade that shares a recent ancestor with Sclerotium rolfsii RNA virus 2 and Phlebiopsis gigantea mycovirus dsRNA 2, two fungus-associated fusagraviruses. Genomic features and phylogenetic relatedness suggest that PSFaV, along with its closest relative BabMelV, represent a species of novel plant-associated virus classified within the recently established family Fusagraviridae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number151
JournalArchives of Virology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2024.


  • dsRNA
  • Fusagraviridae
  • Plant virus
  • PSFaV

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this