Complete genome characterization of a rotavirus B (RVB) strain identified in alpine goat kids with enteritis reveals inter-species transmission with RVB bovine strains

Fangzhou Chen, Todd P. Knutson, Max Ciarlet, Matthew Sturos, Douglas G. Marthaler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rotavirus B (RVB) has been associated with enteric disease in many animal species. An RVB strain was identified in pooled intestinal samples from Alpine caprine kids (between 2 and 3 days of age) experiencing high (>90%) morbidity, and the complete caprine RVB genome was characterized. Histology revealed villus atrophy, the samples tested positive for RVB by real-time RT-PCR and metagenomic next-generation sequencing identified only RVB and orf virus. In the VP4 gene segment, the caprine RVB strain had a higher percentage nucleotide identity to the Indian bovine RVB strains than to the Japanese bovine RVB strains, but the VP7, VP6, VP2, NSP1, NSP2 and NSP5 gene segments of the American caprine RVB strain were genetically related to the Japanese bovine RVB strains. The results indicate a lack of RVB sequences to understand reassortment or the evolutionary relationship of RVB strains from cattle and goats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-463
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Goat rotavirus B
  • Interspecies transmission
  • Phylogenetics

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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