Complete DNA sequence of a ColBM plasmid from avian pathogenic Escherichia coli suggests that it evolved from closely related ColV virulence plasmids

Timothy J. Johnson, Sara J. Johnson, Lisa K. Nolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations

Abstract

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC), an extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli causing colibacillosis in birds, is responsible for significant economic losses for the poultry industry. Recently, we reported that the APEC pathotype was characterized by possession of a set of genes contained within a 94-kb cluster linked to a ColV plasmid, pAPEC-O2-ColV. These included sitABCD, genes of the aerobactin operon, hlyF, iss, genes of the salmochelin operon, and the 5′ end of cvaB of the ColV operon. However, the results of gene prevalence studies performed among APEC isolates revealed that these traits were not always linked to ColV plasmids. Here, we present the complete sequence of a 174-kb plasmid, pAPEC-O1-ColBM, which contains a putative virulence cluster similar to that of pAPEC-O2-ColV. These two F-type plasmids share remarkable similarity, except that they encode the production of different colicins; pAPEC-O2-ColV contains an intact CoIV operon, and pAPEC-O1-ColBM encodes the colicins B and M. Interestingly, remnants of the ColV operon exist in pAPEC-O1-ColBM, hinting that ColBM-type plasmids may have evolved from ColV plasmids. Among APEC isolates, the prevalence of ColBM sequences helps account for the previously observed differences in prevalence between genes of the "conserved" portion of the putative virulence cluster of pAPEC-O2-ColV and those genes within its "variable" portion. These results, in conjunction with Southern blotting and probing of representative ColBM-positive strains, indicate that this "conserved" cluster of putative virulence genes is primarily linked to F-type virulence plasmids among the APEC isolates studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5975-5983
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Volume188
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

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