Complementary, Integrative, and Holistic Care in Emergency Nursing

Susan M. Hageness, Mary Jo Kreitzer, Mary Ellen Kinney

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Nearly half of all patients who present to the Emergency Department (ED) daily are using some form of complementary, alternative, or integrative medicine (CAIM). Emergency nurses will increasingly encounter clients who use CAIM or want holistic care. The integration of CAIM and holistic nursing principles into current emergency nursing practice can reenergize nursing and give ED nurses additional care methods to use with their clients. CAIM and holistic care can also provide ED clients with the kind of health care that they are currently seeking outside of the mainstream medical world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-133
Number of pages11
JournalNursing Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2002


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