Purpose: To examine self-reported use and correlates of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in adolescents with juvenile arthritis (JA). Methods: One hundred thirty-four adolescents with JA completed an online survey of their use of, interest in, and discussions about CAM. The PedsQL 4.0 SF15 assessed quality of life. Results: The majority (72%) of youth reported using <1 CAM modality. Use did not differ by sex, age, race, or geographic location. The most commonly used CAM modalities were yoga (45%) and meditation, relaxation, or guided imagery (40%). Low psychosocial quality of life was associated with massage and meditation, relaxation, or guided imagery use (p <.05). Only 46% of youth reported discussing CAM with a health care provider. Nonusers were most interested in learning more about massage (79%) and yoga (57%). Conclusions: Youth with JA reported high use of CAM, but few discussed CAM with health care providers. Findings suggest practitioners should engage adolescents in discussions about CAM.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding for this research and data collection was provided by a grant from the University of Minnesota , Academic Health Center Faculty Research Development Program titled “Internet-Based Health Care Transition Program” to Drs. Scal, Garwick, and Horvath and to Dr. Scal from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality ( K08HS015511 ) “Entry into Adult Care for Youth with Chronic Conditions.”
- Adolescent-health care provider communication
- Alternative medicine
- Complementary medicine
- Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
- Quality of life