Compilation and Correlation of Limiting Activity Coefficients of Nonelectrolytes in Water

Steven R. Sherman, Diane B. Trampe, David M. Bush, Martin Schiller, Charles A. Eckert, Andrew J. Dallas, Jianjun Li, Peter W. Carr

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92 Scopus citations

Abstract

The phase equilibria of dilute aqueous solutions are treated separately from those of dilute organic systems due to water's unique structure and hydrogen-bonding characteristics. As a result, traditional predictive methods (UNIFAC, ASOG, etc.) tend to be only moderately successful. In addition to inverse solubility measurements, we describe new direct and indirect techniques for precisely measuring these values which are more accurate. A database is compiled from data measured by using these techniques. The data were evaluated and suspect points removed. The data were correlated linearly with the solute solvatochromic α, β, and π*, solute and solvent molar volume, solute vapor pressure, and the solute gas-liquid partition coefficient between hexadecane and an inert gas phase, log L16. The correlation fits the data to within an average absolute deviation of 0.294 In units. The correlation provides a direct and relatively accurate method for estimating Henry's constants and thus limiting activity coefficients of nonelectrolytes in water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1044-1058
Number of pages15
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1996

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    Sherman, S. R., Trampe, D. B., Bush, D. M., Schiller, M., Eckert, C. A., Dallas, A. J., Li, J., & Carr, P. W. (1996). Compilation and Correlation of Limiting Activity Coefficients of Nonelectrolytes in Water. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 35(4), 1044-1058. https://doi.org/10.1021/ie950281x