Competitive priorities, plant improvement and innovation capabilities, and operational performance: A test of two forms of fit

David Xiaosong Peng, Roger G. Schroeder, Rachna Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the strategic contingency of plant improvement capability and innovation capability. Design/methodology/approach: Two forms of fit between the two capabilities and competitive priorities were empirically tested. Data collected from a sample of 238 manufacturing plants were used to test the hypotheses using regression. Findings: The results provide partial support for fit as mediation. However, there was no evidence supporting fit as moderation. It was found that improvement capability and innovation capability are associated with different competitive priorities and also have varying impact on different operational performance dimensions. Research limitations/implications: There are two limitations to this research: only three operations management (OM) practices are included in each capability examined; and there are somewhat limited measures of competitive priorities and operational performance. Originality/value: This study examines multiple forms of fit between competitive priorities and operations capabilities. The findings can inform managers to selectively implement OM practices for developing the needed operations capabilities given the chosen competitive priorities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-510
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Operations and Production Management
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

Keywords

  • Competitive advantage
  • Contingency planning
  • Innovation
  • Operations management
  • Plant efficiency

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