Competitive Athletes: Preinjury and Postinjury Mood State and Self-Esteem

AYNSLEY M. SMITH, MICHAEL J. STUART, Diane M Wiese-Bjornstal, ERIC K. MILLINER, W. MICHAEL O'FALLON, CYNTHIA S. CROWSON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In a prospective study, we determined whether preinjury and postinjury differences existed in the mood state and self-esteem of competitive athletes. The influence of severity of injury, gender, level of participation in sports, and type of sport on these dependent variables was also measured. Among 238 male and 38 female athletes from hockey, basketball, baseball, and volleyball teams, 36 sustained 43 injuries. Significant postinjury increases were noted for depression (P<0.0001) and anger (P = 0.0012), whereas vigor (P<0.0001) was significantly less after injury. When the 36 injuries were classified, 27 were minor or moderate (nonparticipation in sports for only one or two weekly assessments), and 9 were severe (nonparticipation for three or more weekly assessments). When a stepwise multiple regression equation was used to predict the scores for postinjury depression, the only significant predictor was the severity of injury (F = 8.48 [1, 34]; R2 = 0.30; P = 0.0063). Of the following physical and psychosocial variables—level of participation, type of sport, age, previous injury, preinjury stress, gender, mood state scales, and self-esteem—only level of participation (P<0.0001) and type of sport (P = 0.0004) were predictors of injury. The significant preinjury and postinjury differences in mood state suggest that postinjury mood disturbances reported in previous studies are likely attributable to the occurrence of injury, are related to the severity of injury, and do not merely reflect a disturbed preinjury mood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-947
Number of pages9
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume68
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

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Self Concept
Athletes
Wounds and Injuries
Sports
Volleyball
Depression
Hockey
Baseball
Basketball
Anger
Prospective Studies

Cite this

SMITH, AYNSLEY. M., STUART, MICHAEL. J., Wiese-Bjornstal, D. M., MILLINER, ERIC. K., O'FALLON, W. MICHAEL., & CROWSON, CYNTHIA. S. (1993). Competitive Athletes: Preinjury and Postinjury Mood State and Self-Esteem. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 68(10), 939-947. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-6196(12)62265-4

Competitive Athletes : Preinjury and Postinjury Mood State and Self-Esteem. / SMITH, AYNSLEY M.; STUART, MICHAEL J.; Wiese-Bjornstal, Diane M; MILLINER, ERIC K.; O'FALLON, W. MICHAEL; CROWSON, CYNTHIA S.

In: Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Vol. 68, No. 10, 01.01.1993, p. 939-947.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

SMITH, AYNSLEYM, STUART, MICHAELJ, Wiese-Bjornstal, DM, MILLINER, ERICK, O'FALLON, WMICHAEL & CROWSON, CYNTHIAS 1993, 'Competitive Athletes: Preinjury and Postinjury Mood State and Self-Esteem', Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 68, no. 10, pp. 939-947. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-6196(12)62265-4
SMITH AYNSLEYM, STUART MICHAELJ, Wiese-Bjornstal DM, MILLINER ERICK, O'FALLON WMICHAEL, CROWSON CYNTHIAS. Competitive Athletes: Preinjury and Postinjury Mood State and Self-Esteem. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 1993 Jan 1;68(10):939-947. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-6196(12)62265-4
SMITH, AYNSLEY M. ; STUART, MICHAEL J. ; Wiese-Bjornstal, Diane M ; MILLINER, ERIC K. ; O'FALLON, W. MICHAEL ; CROWSON, CYNTHIA S. / Competitive Athletes : Preinjury and Postinjury Mood State and Self-Esteem. In: Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 1993 ; Vol. 68, No. 10. pp. 939-947.
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