Neutrophils contain several distinct classes of secretory granules that may sequentially fuse with the phagosome after the ingestion of particulates, or that may be differentially exocytosed after cellular activation with soluble stimuli. The exocytosis of neutrophil secretory granules has been shown to be GTP-dependent at a step distal to activation of the transductional G proteins. Inasmuch as ras-related low molecular mass GTP-binding proteins have been shown to play regulatory roles in vesicle sorting in the secretory pathway in yeast, the differential mobilization of neutrophil granules might be regulated by distinct GTP-binding proteins. We therefore explored the distribution and identity of low molecular mass GTP-binding proteins in neutrophil secretory granules and other subcellular fractions. After lysis by nitrogen cavitation, four highly resolved fractions were harvested from discontinuous Percoll gradients: a microsomal fraction enriched for plasma membranes, specific granules, primary granules, and cytosol. At least seven bands of distinct M(r) were detected by probing protein blots with [32P]GTP. Microsomes contained a prominent GTP-binding band at 26 kDa and weaker ones at 24 and 22.5 kDa; specific granules contained bands at 26, 24, 22, and 20 kDa; primary granules showed bands at 24 and 23 kDa; cytosol showed strong bands at 23.5 and 19 kDa and a weak band at 26 kDa. Antiserum against ADP-ribosylation factor reacted strongly with the 19-kDa band in cytosol but with none of the membrane fractions. None of these proteins was recognized by antibodies against ras or against Sec4p. Botulinum exoenzyme C3 labeled bands of molecular mass 20 and 21 kDa in cytosol and microsomes that have distinct mobilities from all the blotted [32P]GTP-binding proteins. The highly compartmentalized subcellular distribution of the blotted [32P]GTP-binding proteins in neutrophils is consistent with a regulatory role in the differential mobilization of granule compartments during cellular activation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1990|