Three‐hundred and twenty‐seven Australian and 192 Swedish psychology students were compared with respect to four aspects of socio‐politico attitudes: (a) differences in average levels for items and dimensions, (b) differences in degrees of consensus for specific issues (items), (c) differences in the structures of socio‐politico attitudes and (d) differences in the profiles of attitudes across relevant items and dimensions. Analyses of variance showed that, in general, Swedes were significantly less conservative than Australians. The largest difference between the two samples were found for the dimension of punitiveness where Swedes were found to be much less punitive than Australians. The results also disclosed that there was greater ideological consensus and consistency among Swedes than among Australians. In line with earlier cross‐cultural research, the results also disclosed a relatively high level of ideological profile and structural similarity among the two western nations.