Comparison of virtual oscillator and droop control

Brian Johnson, Miguel Rodriguez, Mohit Sinha, Sairaj Dhople

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Virtual oscillator control (VOC) and droop control are distinct methods to ensure synchronization and power sharing of parallel inverters in islanded systems. VOC is a control strategy where the dynamics of a nonlinear oscillator are used to derive control states to modulate the switch terminals of an inverter. Since VOC is a time-domain controller that reacts to instantaneous measurements with no additional filters or computations, it provides a rapid response during transients and stabilizes volatile dynamics. In contrast, droop control regulates the inverter voltage in response to the measured average real and reactive power output. Given that real and reactive power are phasor quantities that are not well-defined in real time, droop controllers typically use multiplicative operations in conjunction with low-pass filters on the current and voltage measurements to calculate such quantities. Since these filters must suppress low frequency ac harmonics, they typically have low cutoff frequencies that ultimately impede droop controller bandwidth. Although VOC and droop control can be engineered to produce similar steady-state characteristics, their dynamic performance can differ markedly. This paper presents an analytical framework to characterize and compare the dynamic response of VOC and droop control. The analysis is experimentally validated with three 120 V inverters rated at 1kW, demonstrating that for the same design specifications VOC is roughly 8 times faster and presents almost no overshoot after a transient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 IEEE 18th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781509053261
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 18 2017
Event18th IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2017 - Stanford, United States
Duration: Jul 9 2017Jul 12 2017

Publication series

Name2017 IEEE 18th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2017

Other

Other18th IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2017
CountryUnited States
CityStanford
Period7/9/177/12/17

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding support from the the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Technologies Office under Contract No. DE-EE0000-1583, and the National Science Foundation under the CAREER award, ECCS-1453921, and grant ECCS-1509277 is gratefully acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 IEEE.

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