Comparison of vascular response to zotarolimus-eluting stent vs paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation- Pooled IVUS results from the zomaxx i and ii trials

Katsuhisa Waseda, Takao Hasegawa, Junya Ako, Yasuhiro Honda, Eberhard Grube, Robert Whitbourn, John Ormiston, Charles D. O'Shaughnessy, Timothy D. Henry, Paul Overlie, Lewis B. Schwartz, Krishnankutty Sudhir, Bernard Chevalier, William A. Gray, Alan C. Yeung, Peter J. Fitzgerald

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12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The ZoMaxx I and II trials were randomized controlled studies of the zotarolimus-eluting, phosphorylcholine- coated, TriMaxx stent for the treatment of de novo coronary lesions. The aim of this study was to compare the vessel response between zotarolimus- (ZES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Methods and Results: Data were obtained from the ZoMaxx I and II trials, in which a standard IVUS parameter was available in 263 cases (baseline and 9-months follow up). Neointima-free frame ratio was calculated as the number of frames without IVUS-detectable neointima divided by the total number of frames within the stent. While an increase in vessel and plaque was observed in PES from baseline to follow up, there was no significant change in ZES. At follow up, % neointimal obstruction was significantly higher (15.4±8.8% vs 11.3±9.7%), and minimum lumen area at follow up was significantly smaller in ZES compared to PES. However, the incidence of IVUS-defined restenosis (maximum cross-sectional narrowing >60%) was similar in the 2 groups (3.2% vs 6.7%). Neointima-free frame ratio was significantly lower in ZES. There were 5 cases of late incomplete stent apposition in PES and none in ZES. Conclusions: These IVUS results demonstrate a similar incidence of severe narrowing between these 2 DES. There was a moderate increase in neointimal hyperplasia that was associated with a greater extent of neointimal coverage in ZES compared with PES.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2334-2339
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume74
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Drug-eluting stent
  • Intravascular ultrasound

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