Comparison of the number and type of dental functional units in geriatric populations with diverse medical backgrounds

Gary H. Hildebrandt, Walter J. Loesche, Chien Fu Lin, Walter A. Bretz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Elderly subjects (N 430) from four convenience populations that representeddifferent levels of medical health-independent living (Veterans Affairs and non-Veterans Affairs), nursing home, and hospitalized acute care-were given dental examinations. The independent living groups had significantly higher numbers of functional units (opposing natural or prosthetic tooth pairs) and of contiguous functional units compared with the nursing home and hospitalized groups. There was a shift from functional units that consisted of natural teeth to functional units that consisted of prosthetic teeth in the nursing home and hospitalized groups. Numbers of functional units were negatively correlated to plaque index, papillary bleeding scores, and minor salivary gland output. This study suggests a strong relationship between functional integrity of the dentition and general health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-261
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Volume73
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1995

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