Comparison of the full-length genome sequence of Avian metapneumovirus subtype C with other paramyxoviruses

Humphrey C. Humphrey, Rene Alvarez, Mark G. Wise, Qingzhong Yu, David A Halvorson, M. Kariuki Njenga, Bruce S. Seal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


We determined the nucleotide (nt) sequence of the small hydrophobic (SH), attachment glycoprotein (G), and RNA polymerase (L) genes, plus the leader and trailer regions of the Colorado strain of Avian metapneumovirus subtype C (aMPV/C) in order to complete the genome sequencing. The complete genome comprised of 13,134 nucleotides, with a 40 nt leader at its 3′ end and a 45 nt trailer at its 5′ end. The aMPV/C L gene was the largest with 6173 nt and consisting of a single open reading frame encoding a 2005 amino acids (aa) protein. Comparison of the aMPV/C SH, G, and L nt and predicted aa sequences with those of Human metapneumoviruses (hMPV) revealed higher nt and aa sequence identities than the sequence identities between the aMPV subtypes A, B, C, and D, supporting earlier finding that aMPV/C was closer evolutionary to hMPV than the other aMPV subtypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-92
Number of pages10
JournalVirus research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Robin Kuntz for assistance in cloning aPMV-1 genomes and Anmei Cai for cloning of the aMPV terminal genome sequences. Melissa Scott and Joyce Bennett performed the automated nucleotide sequencing at SEPRL. Research in Dr. Seal's lab was supported by ARS, USDA CRIS project number 6612-32000-015-00D-085 and in Dr. Njenga's lab by grant (number 02393) from NRICGP, USDA.


  • Intergenic region
  • Metapneumovirus
  • Paramyxovirus
  • Subtype


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