Comparison of the craniofacial muscles: A unifying hypothesis

Linda K. McLoon, Francisco H. Andrade

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


In the field of skeletal muscle research, most research has been performed using limb skeletal muscle, whether studying myogenesis or the anatomy, cell biology, biochemistry, and physiology of normal, diseased, or aging muscle. Early studies of limb muscle led to the description of four basic fiber types with specific biochemistry and physiological properties assigned to each. Evidence in the past decade has revealed that this is an oversimplified view of the true heterogeneity amongst the myofibers within limb muscles (Caiozzo et al. 2000, 2003; Pette and Staron 2000; Stephenson 2001).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCraniofacial Muscles
Subtitle of host publicationA New Framework for Understanding the Effector Side of Craniofacial Muscle Control
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781461444664
ISBN (Print)1461444659, 9781461444657
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. All rights are reserved.


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