Comparison of side effects of the 2015-2016 high-dose, inactivated, trivalent influenza vaccine and standard dose, inactivated, trivalent influenza vaccine in adults ≥65 years

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Abstract

Background. High-dose, inactivated, trivalent influenza vaccine (HD) is associated with higher rates of side effects than standard dose (SD) vaccine, which may represent a barrier to use. Methods. We surveyed subjects ≥65 years who received either HD or SD vaccine at the Minneapolis Veteran Affairs Health Care System clinics on October 27, 28, or 29, 2015. Research assistants conducted a 17-item telephone survey of influenza vaccine recipients to inquire about self-reported health and symptoms experienced the week after vaccination. Results. A total of 547 HD recipients and 541 SD recipients responded to the survey. The 2 groups were similar at baseline with respect to age, gender, and presence of high-risk medical conditions. At least ≥95% of individuals in both HD and SD groups reported that their overall health was the same or better than usual during the week after vaccination. Thirty-seven percent of HD recipients and 22% of SD recipients reported a local or systemic side effect (P <.001), most of which were mild to moderate. Only 7 of 547 (1.3%) HD recipients and 3 of 541 (0.6%) SD recipients reported a severe side effect (P =.34). There was no significant difference in healthcare visits between the groups. Conclusions. Side effects were more common among subjects ≥65 years who received HD influenza vaccine compared with SD vaccine. These side effects were well tolerated and were not associated with impairment of general health status. These findings should reassure patients and their providers of the safety and tolerability of the HD influenza vaccine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberofx001
JournalOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • High-dose influenza vaccine
  • Influenza
  • Influenza vaccine
  • Side effect

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