The goal of this study was to compare outcomes of combined balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) plus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with BAV alone in a surgically high risk, older (>70 years) population with both aortic stenosis (AS) and coronary artery disease (CAD). The medical records, coronary angiograms, and procedural reports of 100 consecutive patients who underwent BAV and coronary angiography at our institution from July 2003 to November 2006 were reviewed. Seventeen patients (mean age 86.2 ± 6.4 years) underwent combined (nonstaged) BAV and PCI with a calculated Society of Thoracic Surgery risk score of 13.5% ± 6.7; 13 of these underwent coronary stenting before BAV and 4 after BAV. All 17 patients were successfully treated with this combined strategy. The incidence of periprocedural mortality, myocardial infarction, and stroke was zero. An additional 25 patients (mean age 85.9 ± 6.9) with CAD were identified who underwent BAV alone with a Society of Thoracic Surgery risk score of 12.6 ± 5.7%. PCI in these patients was avoided primarily because of greater lesion complexity or a perceived low probability of symptomatic benefit. There was 1 procedural death, no myocardial infarction, and 1 postprocedural stroke in these 25 patients. The procedural duration and hospital length of stay for the combined BAV and PCI group was 98.8 ± 17.6 minutes and 4.1 ± 2.8 days, respectively, and for the BAV only group was 86.2 ± 27.3 minutes and 3.3 ± 2.1 days, respectively. In conclusion, with appropriate selection, BAV plus PCI was safely performed in this retrospective series of elderly, high-risk patients with severe AS and CAD.
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