CD10 is a critical antigen for the distinction of folliclecenter lymphoma from other B-cell lymphomas composed of small cells in fine-needle aspiration specimens, tissue core biopsies, and bone marrow. In addition, CD10 is expressed in a subset of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs), where it may be an adverse prognostic indicator. We have previously demonstrated that CD10 expression detected by multiparameter flow cytometry (FC) with cluster analysis is highly sensitive and specific for follicle-center lymphoma in the differential diagnosis of small B-cell lymphomas. In this study, we assessed the utility of paraffin section immunohistochemistry (IHC) for CD10 compared with FC in a cohort of 50 DLBCLs. IHC for CD10 was technically successful in 47 of the 50 (94%) DLBCLs; 3 failed based on lack of internal CD10 reactivity. CD10 was expressed by FC in 20 of 47 DL-BCLs (43%); CD10 was positive by IHC in 15 of these (75%). All 27 cases that were CD10(-) by FC were negative by IHC. The level of CD10 expression by FC in the 5 FC(+)/IHC(-) cases ranged from relatively dim to bright. Our results indicate 75% sensitivity and 100% specificity of CD10 expression by IHC compared with multiparameter FC with cluster analysis and a 6% technical failure rate.
- Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
- Flow cytometry
- Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma