Percutaneous catheterization of the central circulation via the internal jugular vein was compared to cannulation via the external jugular vein, in a retrospective review of 200 pediatric patients. The internal approach resulted in an 86% rate of successful cannulations with 99.9% of the catheters positioned in the thorax; this technique was accompanied by an 8% incidence of carotid artery puncture. The external jugular route eliminated the risk of carotid artery puncture; however, it was successful in only 65% of the attempts, and 14% of the successful cannulations had catheter tips incorrectly positioned outside the thorax.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Critical Care Medicine|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1985|