The P12A3C gene from FMDV (serotype O) encoding the capsid precursor protein, and the highly immunogenic gene FHG, which encodes multiple epitopes of FMDV capsid proteins, were inserted into eukaryotic expression vectors to compare different candidate genetically engineered vaccines for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). A modified live pseudorabies virus (MLPRV) was also used to deliver P12A3C. Guinea pigs were inoculated intramuscularly with the candidate vaccines to compare the ability to elicit immunity of the DNA vector and a live viral vector. An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA), virus-neutralization test and lymphoproliferation assay were used to detect antibody and cellular responses. The group immunized with P12A3C delivered by MLPRV produced significantly greater antibody and cellular responses indicating that MLPRV has a greater ability to mediate exogenous gene delivery than the plasmid DNA vector. Comparison of the immune responses induced by P12A3C and FHG, which were both mediated by DNA plasmids, showed that FHG and P12A3C elicited similar cellular responses, while P12A3C induced higher antibody levels, suggesting that P12A3C is a more powerful immunogen than FHG. In challenge experiments, guinea pigs vaccinated with P12A3C delivered by MLPRV were protected fully from FMDV challenge, whereas guinea pigs vaccinated with P12A3C or FHG delivered by DNA plasmid were only protected partially. This study provides a basis for future construction of a genetically engineered vaccine for FMDV.
- Antibody response
- Cellular immune response
- Foot-and-mouth disease
- Genetically engineered vaccine