Comparison of cytogenetics and polymerase chain reaction based detection of the amelogenin gene polymorphism for the diagnosis of freemartinism in cattle

Elizabeth A. McNiel, Nicole J. Madrill, Amy E. Treeful, Lance C. Buoen, Alvin F Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay which detects a sex-based polymorphism in the bovine amelogenin locus was modified and compared to conventional cytogenetic analysis for diagnosis of freemartinism (XX/XY chimerism) in cattle. The PCR assay is more sensitive than cytogenetic analysis for detection of XY cells, with the limit of detection of the assay falling between 0.2% and 1% XY cells. Seventy-three heifer blood samples submitted for evaluation of freemartinism to the University of Minnesota Diagnostic Laboratory were tested using both cytogenetic and PCR techniques. Poor-quality samples precluded successful lymphocyte culture and recovery of mitotic nuclei for cytogenetic evaluation in 17 cases (23%). Two of these samples (2.7%) also failed to amplify with PCR. There was 100% agreement in the results from the 56 samples that were suitable for testing using both techniques. This PCR-based assay provides an alternative to the more laborious cytogenetic evaluation for diagnosis of freemartinism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-472
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006

Keywords

  • Amelogenin
  • Cattle
  • Chimera
  • Cytogenetics
  • Freemartin
  • PCR

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