Comparison of 20 exclusive reactions at large t

C. White, R. Appel, D. S. Barton, G. Bunce, A. S. Carroll, H. Courant, G. Fang, S. Gushue, K. J. Heller, S. Heppelmann, K. Johns, M. Kmit, D. I. Lowenstein, X. Ma, Y. I. Makdisi, M. L. Marshak, J. J. Russell, M. Shupe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report a study of 20 exclusive reactions measured at the AGS at 5.9 GeV/c incident momentum, 90° center of mass. This experiment confirms the strong quark flow dependence of two-body hadron-hadron scattering at large angle. At 9.9 GeV/c an upper limit had been set for the ratio of cross sections for (pppp)(pppp) at 90°c.m., with the ratio less than 4%. The present experiment was performed at lower energy to gain sensitivity, but was still within the fixed angle scaling region. A ratio R(pppp)140 was measured at 5.9 GeV/c, 90°c.m. in comparison to a ratio near 1.7 for small angle scattering. In addition, many other reactions were measured, often for the first time at 90°c.m. in the scaling region, using beams of , p, and p on a hydrogen target. There are similar large differences in cross sections for other reactions: R(K-p+-K-p-+)112, for example. The relative magnitudes of the different cross sections are consistent with the dominance of quark interchange in these 90° reactions, and indicate that pure gluon exchange and quark-antiquark annihilation diagrams are much less important. The angular dependence of several elastic cross sections and the energy dependence at a fixed angle of many of the reactions are also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-78
Number of pages21
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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