Here, we compare the content and composition of polysaccharides derived from the mycelium (40.4 kDa intracellular polysaccharide, IPS) and culture (27.2 kDa extracellular polysaccharide, EPS) of Penicillium oxalicum. Their chemical structures investigated by IR, NMR, enzymolysis and methylation analysis indicate that both IPS and EPS are galactomannans composed of α-1,2- mannopyranose (Manp) and α-1,6-Manp in a backbone ratio of ~3:1, respectively, both decorated with β-l,5-galactofuranose (Galf) side chains. A few β-l,6-Galf residues were also detected in the IPS fraction. EPS and IPS have different molecular weights (Mw) and degrees of branching. IPS obtained by alkaline extraction of P. oxalicum have been reported to be galactofuranans, a composition different from our IPS. Up to now, there have been no reports on the fine structure of EPS. Our results of galectin-mediated hemagglutination demonstrate that IPS exhibits greater inhibitory effects on five galectins compared with EPS. In addition, we find that Galf, a five-membered ring form of galactose, can also inhibit galectins. IPS may provide a new source of galectin inhibitors. These results increase our understanding of structure-activity relationships of polysaccharides as galectin inhibitors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Macromolecules|
|Early online date||Apr 15 2021|
|State||Published - Jun 30 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Science & Technology Major Project “ Key New Drug Creation and Manufacturing Program ”, China (Number: 2019ZX09735001 ).
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.
- Extracellular polysaccharides
- Inhibitory effect
- Intracellular polysaccharides
- Penicillium oxalicum
- Structural characterization
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Comparative Study
- Journal Article