Comparative study of hydrocarbon, fluorocarbon, and aromatic bonded RP- HPLC stationary phases by linear solvation energy relationships

Mario Reta, Peter W. Carr, Paul C. Sadek, Sarah C. Rutan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations

Abstract

The retention properties of eight alkyl, aromatic, and fluorinated reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography bonded phases were characterized through the use of linear solvation energy relationships (LSERs). The stationary phases were investigated in a series of methanol/water mobile phases. LSER results show that solute molecular size and hydrogen bond acceptor basicity under all conditions are the two dominant retention controlling factors and that these two factors are linearly correlated when either different stationary phases at a fixed mobile-phase composition or different mobile-phase compositions at a fixed stationary phase are considered. The large variation in the dependence of retention on solute molecular volume as only the stationary phase is changed indicates that the dispersive interactions between nonpolar solutes and the stationary phase are quite significant relative to the energy of the mobile-phase cavity formation process. PCA results indicate that one PCA factor is required to explain the data when stationary phases of the same chemical nature (alkyl, aromatic, and fluoroalkyl phases) are individually considered. However, three PCA factors are not quite sufficient to explain the whole data set for the three classes of stationary phases. Despite this, the average standard deviation obtained by the use, of these principal component factors are significantly smaller than the average standard deviation obtained by the LSER approach. In addition, selectivities predicted through the LSER equation are not in complete agreement with experimental results. These results show that the LSER model does not properly account for all molecular interactions involved in RP-HPLC. The failure could reside in the V2 solute parameter used to account for both dispersive and cohesive interactions since 'shape selectivity' predictions for a pair of structural isomers are very bad.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3484-3496
Number of pages13
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume71
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 1999

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparative study of hydrocarbon, fluorocarbon, and aromatic bonded RP- HPLC stationary phases by linear solvation energy relationships'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this