Comparative response of rocking-wall systems with cast-in-place and precast floor systems in buildings

Qingzhi Liu, Catherine W. French, Sri Sritharan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Two large-scale structural assemblages, which had equivalent PreWEC (Precast Wall with End Columns) rocking-wall systems but different surrounding structures, were tested under quasi-static cyclic loading to study the impact of wall-floor interaction on the performance of rocking-wall buildings. The first specimen (PFS1) included cast-in-place (CIP) edge columns and a CIP unbonded post-tensioned slab with rigid wall-floor connections, which maximized wall-floor interaction. The second specimen (PFS2) included precast edge columns and a precast slab with special vertical-isolation wall-floor connectors, which minimized wall-floor interaction. Test results showed that both structural assemblages demonstrated great seismic performance with limited damage and self-centering behavior. The strength of PFS1 was more than twice that of PFS2; PFS2 encountered less damage and had better self-centering performance than PFS1, but it possessed less energy-dissipation capacity. The difference in the performance of the two assemblages was mainly attributed to the different gravity load transfer paths and constraint effects of the surrounding structures. Contributions to the strength and the self-centering behavior of the two assemblages from different structural elements were quantified and compared.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111942
JournalEngineering Structures
StatePublished - May 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was completed under a grant from National Science Foundation (CMMI-1041650). Molin Concrete provided the precast walls, columns and planks. BS Italia provided the V-connectors. JVI provided the Mini V-connectors. SWPC provided the post-tensioning strands. Hayes Industries provided the wedges. The support from these companies is acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021


  • Constraint effect
  • Precast concrete
  • Rocking wall
  • Wall-floor connection


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