Comparative in vitro activity of piribenicillin, ticarcillin, and carbenicillin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

T. Murakawa, L. D. Sabath

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Abstract

Pirbenicillin, a semisynthetic penicillin, showed greater in vitro activity against 68 recent isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa than did ticarcillin or carbenicillin. The median minimum inhibitory concentration of each of these three compounds, respectively, was 3.1, 12.5, and 25 mug/ml when a 10(-4) dilution of an overnight culture (about 10(5) colony-forming units [CFU]/ml) was used as inoculum, but these differences were less striking when larger inocula were used: at 10(7) CFU/ml these values were 6.25, 12.5, and 50 mug/ml, and at 10(8) to 10(9) CFU/ml these values were 50, 50, and 100 mug/ml. All three compounds showed greater inhibitory activity at pH 6 than at pH 8. This pH effect was greatest with pirbenicillin, for 6.25 mug of pirbenicillin per ml inhibited 7, 11, and 57% of the strains at pH 6, 7, and 8, respectively; these values were 4, 4, and 11% with ticarcillin and 0, 0, and 7% with carbenicillin. At sufficient inhibitory concentrations, the rates of bacterial killing of the three compounds were similar. The observed differences in anti-pseudomonad activity were not due to differences in stability to pseudomonad beta-lactamases, but all three compounds were more stable than were cefazolin, cephaloridine, and benzylpenicillin.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume11
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1977

Keywords

  • Carbenicillin/pd [Pharmacology]
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Penicillinase/me [Metabolism]
  • Penicillins/pd [Pharmacology]
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa/de [Drug Effects]
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa/en [Enzymology]
  • Ticarcillin/pd [Pharmacology]

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