Comparative genomic analysis of Mycobacterium avium subspecies obtained from multiple host species

Michael L. Paustian, Xiaochun Zhu, Srinand Sreevatsan, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Vivek Kapur, John P. Bannantine

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53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Mycobacterium avium (M. avium) subspecies vary widely in both pathogenicity and host specificity, but the genetic features contributing to this diversity remain unclear. Results: A comparative genomic approach was used to identify large sequence polymorphisms among M. avium subspecies obtained from a variety of host animals. DNA microarrays were used as a platform for comparing mycobacterial isolates with the sequenced bovine isolate M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) K-10. Open reading frames (ORFs) were classified as present or divergent based on the relative fluorescent intensities of the experimental samples compared to MAP K-10 DNA. Multiple large polymorphic regions were found in the genomes of MAP isolates obtained from sheep. One of these clusters encodes glycopeptidolipid biosynthesis enzymes which have not previously been identified in MAP. M. avium subsp. silvaticum isolates were observed to have a hybridization profile very similar to yet distinguishable from M. avium subsp. avium. Isolates obtained from cattle (n = 5), birds (n = 4), goats (n = 3), bison (n = 3), and humans (n = 9) were indistinguishable from cattle isolate MAP K-10. Conclusion: Genome diversity in M. avium subspecies appears to bemediated by large sequence polymorphisms that are commonly associated with mobile genetic elements. Subspecies and host adapted isolates of M. avium were distinguishable by the presence or absence of specific polymorphisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number135
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The expert technical assistance of Nadja W. Hanson and Janis K. Hansen is greatly appreciated. Bacterial isolates 5835 cc and 5836 cc were provided by N. Beth Harris. The authors would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments. Mention of trade names or commercial products in this article is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Funding for the construction of the oligonucleotide microarray was provided by the Johne's Disease Integrated Program (JDIP) and the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS). This work was supported by the ARS (M.P. and J.B.).

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