Comparative evaluation of antibodies induced by commercial Pasteurella haemolytica vaccines using solid phase immunoassays

S. Srinand, S. L. Hsuan, H. S. Yoo, S. K. Maheswaran, T. R. Ames, R. E. Werdin

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of four commercial vaccines to elicit antibodies against the leukotoxin (Lkt), capsular polysaccharide (CP), iron regulated outer membrane proteins (IROMPs), and whole cell (WC) antigens of Pasteurella haemolytica A1. Modified double antibody sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were developed to measure antibody levels against Lkt, CP and IROMPs. An indirect ELISA was developed to measure the levels of antibody against WC antigens. The ideal cut off points for ELISAs were determined on receiver operating characteristic curves, using sera from 30 calves injected subcutaneously with a live P. haemolytica 12296 strain as positive control and sera from 30 colostrum-deprived calves as negative control. The vaccines evaluated were: 'One Shot' (SmithKline Beecham, West Chester, PA) a bacterin-toxoid, 'Presponse' (Langford Laboratories, Guelph, Ontario) a Lkt-rich culture supernatant, 'Once PMH' (BioCor Inc., Omaha, NE) a modified live vaccine, and 'Septimune' (Fort Dodge laboratories, Fort Dodge, IA) an outer membrane extract. Thirty, 4-6 week old Holstein calves were randomized into 5 groups to receive one of the four vaccines or a placebo (sterile phosphate buffered saline). The calves were vaccinated intramuscularly on day 0 and on day 14, and bled on days 0, 14, and 28 to measure antibody levels against Lkt, CP, IROMPs, and WC antigens of P. haemolytica Al. 'One Shot', and 'Once PMH' vaccinates showed a significant (P < 0.05) increase in antibody levels against Lkt at 28 days. 'Once PMH' vaccinates also showed significant (P < 0.05) increase in antibody levels against IROMPs at 28 days compared to the other four groups but this increase was not significant over time within the 'Once PMH' group. 'Presponse', 'Once PMH', and 'One Shot' vaccinates showed a significant (P < 0.05) increase in antibody levels against CP over time. These groups also had significantly higher antibody levels against CP, compared to controls and 'Septimune' vaccinates at 14 and 28 days (P < 0.05).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-195
Number of pages15
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume49
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1996

Keywords

  • ELISA
  • Pasteurella haemolytica
  • receiver operating characteristic curves
  • vaccines

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