Comparative Brain Exposure to (-)-Carbovir After (-)-Carbovir or (-)-6-Aminocarbovir Intravenous Infusion in Rats

Yan Dong Wen, Rory P. Remmel, Phuong T. Pham, Robert Vince, Cheryl L. Zimmerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose. Evaluate the ability of (-)-6-aminocarbovir ((-)-6AC) to improve the CNS exposure to (-)-carbovir ((-)-CBV). Methods. Activation of (-)-6AC in vitro was assessed by incubations of rat brain tissue homogenates. The in vivo brain exposure to (-)-CBV was then examined in rats after iv infusions of either (-)-CBV (n = 4) or (-)-6AC (n = 5). The drugs were infused to steady-state via the jugular vein. At the end of the infusion, a bolus of [3H]inulin was injected via the femoral vein in order to obtain an estimate of the brain vascular space. Results. (-)-6AC was converted to (-)-CBV by incubations of rat brain tissue homogenates. After iv infusion of (-)-CBV, the brain/ blood concentration ratio of (-)-CBV was 0.032 ± 0.009. The brain/ blood concentration ratio of (-)-CBV after iv infusion of (-)-6AC was 0.080 ± 0.020. Conclusions. (-)-6AC improved the brain delivery of (-)-CBV, although the absolute exposure of the brain tissue to (-)-CBV was still quite low.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)911-915
Number of pages5
JournalPharmaceutical Research: An Official Journal of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1995

Keywords

  • (-)-6-aminocarbovir
  • (-)-carbovir
  • brain uptake
  • pro-drug

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