Amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) can be used to quickly develop linkage maps in plant species and are especially useful for crops with large genomes like oat (Avena sativa L., 2n=6x=42). High reproducibility and consistency are crucial if AFLP linkage maps are employed for comparative mapping. We mapped AFLP markers in combination with restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers in two recombinant inbred populations of hexaploid oat in two laboratories to test the consistency of AFLP markers in a polyploid crop. Eight primer combinations produced 102 and 121 scoreable AFLP markers in the respective populations. In a population from the cross KanotaxOgle, AFLP markers were placed onto a RFLP reference map consisting of 32 linkage groups. Nineteen linkage groups from another population from the cross KanotaxMarion were assigned to the reference map using AFLP and RFLP markers homologous to those used in the Kanotax Ogle cross. Reproducibility of AFLP assays was high in both laboratories and between laboratories. The AFLP markers were well-distributed across the genome in both populations. Many AFLP markers tended to extend the distance between adjacent RFLP markers in linkage analysis. Of the 27 polymorphic AFLPs common in both populations, 20 mapped to homologous linkage groups, 4 were unlinked in at least one population, and 3 mapped to different linkage groups in the two crosses. We believe that 1 of the 3 markers that mapped to a different linkage group in the two populations mapped to homoeologous linkage groups. The linkage map of hexaploid oat is not yet complete, and genomic rearrangements such as translocations exist among cultivars and are likely to account for the remaining two non-syntenous mapping results. AFLPs provide not only a fast and powerful tool for mapping but could be useful in characterizing genomic structural variations among germplasms in hexaploid oat.
- Avena sativa
- Comparative mapping