Community employment, facility-based work, and day activities for working age people with intellectual and developmental disability

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disability (IDD) participate in a variety of day/employment activities including community-based activities and work and facility-based activities and work. These different activities have important implications for community inclusion and economic independence. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to use the National Core Indicators-In person Survey (NCI-IPS) to explore the prevalence of day/employment activities for adult service users with IDD and to determine what personal and environmental factors are related to each type of activity. METHODS: The data analyzed in this study come from the 2018-19 National Core Indicators (NCI), a survey of adult services users with IDD in the U.S. We used descriptive statistics and multinominal logistic regression to explore how the various covariates differentially relate to the four day/employment activity types. RESULTS: A variety of personal and environmental characteristics were associated with each type of activity. Characteristics related to equity (e.g., race and gender) and support needs (e.g., mental health) were associated with less community-based work. CONCLUSIONS: This study was the first, to our knowledge, to describe the complexity of day/employment activities individuals with IDD experience in terms of prevalence and overlap. Further, this study provides evidence that certain profiles are leading to different experiences and that services do impact service users employment opportunities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-112
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The development of this article was supported by Grant #90RTCP0003 to the Research and Training Center for Community Living from the National Institute on Disability Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Grantees undertaking projects under government sponsorship are encouraged to express freely their findings and conclusions. Points of view or opinions do not therefore necessarily represent official NIDILRR policy.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 - IOS Press. All rights reserved.


  • Employment
  • IDD
  • dacility work
  • disability services
  • home and community based services (HCBS)
  • national core indicators


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