Community-based participatory research to decrease smoking prevalence in a high-risk young adult population: An evaluation of the students against nicotine and tobacco addiction (SANTA) project

Tai J. Mendenhall, Peter G. Harper, Lisa Henn, Kyle D. Rudser, Bill P. Schoeller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Students Against Nicotine and Tobacco Addiction is a community-based participatory research project that engages local medical and mental health providers in partnership with students, teachers, and administrators at the Minnesota-based Job Corps. This intervention contains multiple and synchronous elements designed to allay the stress that students attribute to smoking, including physical activities, nonphysical activities, purposeful modifications to the campus's environment and rules/policies, and on-site smoking cessation education and peer support. The intent of the present investigation was to evaluate (a) the types of stress most predictive of smoking behavior and/or nicotine dependence, (b) which activities students are participating in, and (c) which activities are most predictive of behavior change (or readiness to change). Quantitative data were collected through 5 campus-wide surveys. Response rates for each survey exceeded 85%. Stressors most commonly cited included struggles to find a job, financial problems, family conflict, lack of privacy or freedom, missing family or being homesick, dealing with Job Corps rules, and other-unspecified. The most popular activities in which students took part were physically active ones. However, activities most predictive of beneficent change were nonphysical. Approximately one third of respondents were nicotine dependent at baseline. Nearly half intended to quit within 1 month and 74% intended to quit within 6 months. Interventions perceived as most helpful toward reducing smoking were nonphysical in nature. Future efforts with this and comparable populations should engage youth in advancing such activities within a broader range of activity choices, alongside conventional education and support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-88
Number of pages11
JournalFamilies, Systems and Health
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Community-based participatory research
  • Smoking cessation
  • Tobacco dependence
  • Tobacco use
  • Youth smoking

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