Combined radiation therapy and extrafascial hysterectomy in the treatment of stage IB barrel‐shaped cervical cancer

Holly H. Gallion, John R. Van Nagell, Elvis S. Donaldson, Michael B. Hanson, Deborah E. Powell, Yosh Maruyama, Justine Yoneda

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71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Seventy‐five patients with bulky barrel‐shaped Stage IB cervical cancers, treated at the University of Kentucky from 1965 to 1981, were the subjects of this investigation. Thirty‐two of these patients were treated with radiation therapy alone and 43 were treated with radiation followed by extrafascial hysterectomy. There were no significant differences in age, gravidity, or tumor cell type between the two treatment groups. Patients were seen at regular intervals from 2 to 11 years after treatment and none were lost to follow‐up. Recurrent cancer was noted in 47% of patients treated by radiation alone as compared to 16% of those treated with combined therapy (P < 0.01). The incidence of pelvic recurrence was reduced from 19% to 2% and extrapelvic recurrence from 16% to 7% in patients treated by combination therapy. No rectal or urinary tract fistulae were noted after extrafascial hysterectomy. The findings of this study suggest that the use of extrafascial hysterectomy following radiation therapy in patients with bulky Stage IB cervical cancer causes a significant reduction in tumor recurrence without producing an increase in treatment‐related complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-265
Number of pages4
JournalCancer
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 1985

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